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Tip Leakage Cavitation, Associated Bubble Dynamics, Noise, Flow Structure and Effect of Tip Gap Size

Gopalan, Shridhar and Katz, Joseph and Liu, Han L. (2001) Tip Leakage Cavitation, Associated Bubble Dynamics, Noise, Flow Structure and Effect of Tip Gap Size. In: CAV 2001: Fourth International Symposium on Cavitation, June 20-23, 2001, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA USA. (Unpublished)

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This paper focuses on the onset of tip-leakage cavitation on a fixed hydrofoil. The objectives are to investigate the effect of gap size on the flow structure, conditions of cavitation inception, the associated bubble dynamics and cavitation noise. The same hydrofoil with three tip gap sizes of 12%, 28% and 52% of the maximum tip thickness have been studied. Controlled cavitation tests are performed after de-aerating the water in the tunnel and using electrolysis to generate cavitation nuclei. The experiments consist of simultaneously detecting cavitation inception using a 2000fps digital camera (visual) and two accelerometers ("acoustic") mounted on the test-section windows. Good agreement between these methods is achieved when the visual observations are performed carefully. To obtain the time dependent noise spectra, portions of the signal containing cavitation noise are analyzed using Hilbert and Wavelet transforms. Rates of cavitation events as a function of the cavitation index for the 3 gap sizes are also measured. The observations demonstrate that high amplitude noise spikes are generated when the bubbles are distorted and "shredded" – broken to several bubbles following their growth in the vortex core. Mere changes to bubble size and shape caused significantly lower noise. High resolution Particle Image Velocimetry with a vector spacing of 180um is used to measure the flow, especially to capture the slender tip vortices where cavitation inception is observed. The instantaneous realizations are analyzed to obtain probability density functions of the circulation of the leakage vortex. The circulation decreases with increasing gap sizes and minimum pressure coefficients in the cores of these vortices are estimated using a Rankine model. The diameter of the vortex core varied between 540 – 720um. These coefficients show a very good agreement with the measured cavitation inception indices.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subject Keywords:bubble dynamics, cavitation noise, tip leakage flow
Record Number:CAV2001:sessionA6.004
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Usage Policy:The papers of this symposium proceedings are protected by copyright, retained by the authors. Authors control translation and reproduction rights to these works. However, readers are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format. This permission is in addition to rights of reproduction granted under Section 107, 108, and other provisions of the U.S. Copyright Act.
ID Code:100
Deposited By: Imported from CAV2001
Deposited On:15 May 2001
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 22:49

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