A Caltech Library Service

Spectrum of Luminescence from Laser-Induced Bubbles in Water and Cryogenic Liquids

Baghdassarian, Ohan and Chu, Han-ching and Tabbert, Bernd and Williams, Gary A. (2001) Spectrum of Luminescence from Laser-Induced Bubbles in Water and Cryogenic Liquids. In: CAV 2001: Fourth International Symposium on Cavitation, June 20-23, 2001, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA USA. (Unpublished)

See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The spectrum of the luminescence pulse from collapsing laser-induced bubbles in water and cryogenic liquids has been measured. For small bubbles in water the spectrum approximates that of a black-body at about 7800 K, while for bubbles whose maximum radius is greater than 1 mm the OH* molecular band at 310 nm becomes apparent, a feature which is also seen in multi-bubble sonoluminescence. The larger bubbles also show considerable instabilities in the vicinity of the collapse minimum, where jets and fission events are observed. In the liquid nitrogen and liquid argon the the luminescence is found to consist of discrete lines from chromium atoms, which are compressed in the bubble collapse to a temperature of about 4500 K. The chromium apparently results from the vaporization by the laser of stainless steel microparticles floating in the liquids, possibly knocked off the cell walls by the strong shock waves generated by the laser focusing.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subject Keywords:laser-induced bubbles, sonoluminescence, bubble luminescence
Record Number:CAV2001:sessionA2.001
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:The papers of this symposium proceedings are protected by copyright, retained by the authors. Authors control translation and reproduction rights to these works. However, readers are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format. This permission is in addition to rights of reproduction granted under Section 107, 108, and other provisions of the U.S. Copyright Act.
ID Code:114
Deposited By: Imported from CAV2001
Deposited On:27 May 2001
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 22:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page