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Bayesian local directional accuracy of a directionally selective Ganglion-cell ensemble

Merwine, David K. and Grzywacz, Noberto M. (2004) Bayesian local directional accuracy of a directionally selective Ganglion-cell ensemble. In: 11th Joint Symposium on Neural Computation, May 15 2004, University of Southern California. (Unpublished)

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On-Off directionally selective ganglion cells (DSGC) of the rabbit retina send information about the direction of motion to the rest of the brain. Each of these cells responds best for motions in a preferred direction. There are four types of DSGC, each type preferring motions along one Cartesian axis (up, down, left or right). Every point in visual space is viewed by one cell of each type. We have measured the distribution of responses of DSGC as a function of contrast and direction of motion. With this information, and knowing the distribution of contrasts and directions of motion in natural images, we can apply Bayesian Analysis to infer the possible local directional accuracy of a DSGC ensemble's output. We applied Bayes Theorem: P[c,f|r] = P[r|c,f]P[c,f] P[r] where r, c, and f are response, contrast, and direction of motion respectively. We performed both Maximum-Likelihood and Maximum-a-Posteriori analyses. The former took only the biology into account (i.e., our measurements), while the latter assumed an exponential distribution for contrasts (Balboa & Grzywacz, 2000; Tadmor & Tolhurst, 2000) and a homogeneous distribution of directions of motion (Balboa & Grzywacz, unpublished observations). We found that a local DSGC ensemble could provide highly accurate directional estimates, with RMS errors of less than 3° for stimuli with contrasts of 100%. Moreover, an ensemble could provide directional estimates with less than10° RMS error for stimuli with contrasts of only 15% (the mean contrast in natural images). Interestingly, including the contrast and direction-of-motion priors did not improve performance significantly. This is because the Maximum-Likelihood estimate only fails when the biological system is uncertain. DSGCs have relatively low noise and therefore, low uncertainty. It remains to be seen whether other prior information, such as the distribution of speeds or spatial frequencies, can improve the DSGC system's directional accuracy.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information:Poster not submitted.
Record Number:CaltechJSNC:2004.poster013
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Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format
ID Code:13
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechJSNC
Deposited On:07 Jun 2004
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 22:49

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